Tελευταία Νέα
Tελευταία Νέα

A Major Resource for a Small Economy (1/2004)-EN

Continued reform with increased participation
Cyprus has a small and open economy with limited natural resources. Growth demands investment to develop its most important asset: its human resources.

Education levels in Cyprus have risen dramatically in recent times, with fewer Cypriots now without any education. Participation by 12-17 years olds is estimated at over 90 % and there is a strong leaning towards general and higher education. Approximately 85% of upper secondary students are in general education while 15% opt for VET programmes. More than two thirds of secondary education graduates continue on to tertiary studies. Upper secondary education has undergone reform to respond to the labour market and knowledge-based society. This has been fully implemented in upper secondary general education and is currently being evaluated.

VET reform, approved in 2000 with the aim of modernising curricula and providing easier progression to higher education from technical and vocational areas, is entering its final stage and is being closely monitored. Transfer between general and technical and vocational education programmes will also be easier, with VET elements becoming more attractive through student-centred learning, new programmes (e.g. for the service sector) and more practical training.

The human resource development authority (HRDA), as the main promoter of initial out of school and continuing vocational training, ensures a wide range of training schemes in all sectors of the economy and at all levels. The number receiving training has increased over the years to 11% of the employed population ((34 400 during 2003). Approximately 17 000 participate in programmes organised by education centres for adults. Evaluating labour market characteristics, the training sector and the challenges of EU accession, reveal that significant progress has been made in training within recent years. Businesses and employees increasingly see the importance of training and lifelong learning.

Seeking broader scope, demanding flexibility
A more comprehensive approach to lifelong learning is needed. Analysis of education, training and the labour market indicate policy priorities for the coming years.

First is a focus on those not in employment, providing training and employment opportunities. Even though adults can acquire formal qualifications and/or upgrade their skills, options for the unemployed are limited. Guidance and counselling is confined to filling vacancies. Provision for vulnerable groups is important, especially for females, the disabled and secondary education graduates who cannot find jobs. There are few opportunities for those who drop out of school, particularly for girls; this requires attention if the 2000 school dropouts each year are to be brought back into education, training and eventual employment.

Enhancing flexibility, quality, range and responsiveness in technical-vocational education and training is also important. Training in any of its forms, (formal, non-formal, initial, continuing, private, public) must support employability and adaptability in available human resources to contribute to Cypriot economic competitiveness . Currently, links between initial and continuing vocational training are weak. National occupational standards need to be developed. These could form the framework for what is lacking: an integrated approach to formal recognition of competences, whether acquired through secondary technical and vocational education, continuing vocational training, experience-based or through apprenticeship.



Cyprus: HRDA study identifies green skill needs in the Cyprus economy 2017-27 (1/2018)
Cyprus - Employment forecasts 2017-27 (4/2017)
Youth Board of Cyprus programmes for Active Youth and Youth Entrepreneurship Development (3/2017)
Cyprus: Accreditation and upgrading of the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training (2/2017)
Adoption of the first National Youth Strategy for Cyprus (1/2017)
Vocational Skills Week Events in Cyprus (4/2016)
Reform and Upgrading of the Apprenticeship Scheme (New Modern Apprenticeship) of Cyprus (3/2016)
Identification of blue skill needs in the Cyprus economy 2016-26 (2/2016)
Reform of the Vocational Education and Training System of Cyprus (1/2016)
Evaluation of the Impact of the Schemes for Job Placement of Unemployed Young Persons for the Acquisition of Work Experience in Enterprises/Organisations implemented by the Human Resource Development Authority of Cyprus (12/2015)
Employment forecasts in Cyprus 2014-2024 (4/2015)
Evaluation of the Impact of Activities of the Human Resource Development Authority of Cyprus (12/2014)
Cyprus Lifelong Learning Strategy for the period 2014-2020 (9/2014)
Promoting Green Skills in the Cyprus Economy (2/2012)
Promoting Green Skills in the Cyprus Economy (1/2011)
Employment Forecasts in Cyprus 2010-2020
Development of a Competence-Based System of Vocational Qualifications in Cyprus
Training measures to reduce the effects of the economic crisis on the labour market of Cyprus
Completion of Projects Co-financed by the ESF
Good Practices of Community Initiative EQUAL in Cyprus (3/2008)
Strategy of the Operational Programme “Employment, Human Capital and Social Cohesion” 2007-2013 for Cyprus (3/2008)
Employment Forecasts in Cyprus 2008-2018
Elaboration of a Lifelong Learning Strategy for Cyprus 2007-2013 (1/2008)
Human Capital Development is at the Forefront of the New National Productivity Strategy for Cyprus (3/2007)
The thematic priority “Human Resources and Social Cohesion” features prominently in the NSRF 2007-2013 for Cyprus (2/2007)
Forecasts of Employment Needs for Nursing Staff in Cyprus 2005-2015 (3/2006)
Progress Towards the Development of a Life Long Learning Strategy for Cyprus (3/2006)
Highlights of Education and Training Priorities in the National Lisbon Programme for Cyprus (2/2006)
National Lisbon Programme of Cyprus (1/2006)
Launching Europass in Cyprus (1/2006)
Feasibility Workshop on European Skill Needs Forecasting (1/2006)
Presenting ReferNet in Cyprus (1/2006)
Employment Forecast Studies Cover Wide Spectrum (3/2005)
Education Reform Widely Debated (2/2005)
Employability and Opportunity in Cyprus? (1/2005)
Cyprus Contribution to the Enlargement Dossier (2004)
Training Actions Under the Single Programming Document of Cyprus for Objective 3 Human Resources (3/2004)
Preparing Cyprus for ReferNet (2/2004)
A Major Resource for a Small Economy (1/2004)
Boosting Vocational Training Capabilities (3/2003)


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Πρόσωπα για επικοινωνία:

Antonis kafouros

Department of Labour


+357 22300300


+357 22663788